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2017年12月16日 07:48:56 | 作者:飞度养生回答 | 来源:新华社
1991 年,老布什考虑任命乔布斯为出口委员会的一员,因此命令FBI 作一次背景调查,美国联邦调查局(FBI)9日披露一份191页档案,涉及已故苹果公司创始人史蒂夫;乔布斯的背景调查。乔布斯在业界获称;创新天才;。而随着档案的公布,他的个人品格遭受质疑。You#39;ve heard about things going on your permanent record? Steve Jobs had one, too.了解自己的档案上有些什么内容吗?乔布斯(Steve Jobs)也有一份档案。The Federal Bureau of Investigation on Thursday made public a background check on the Apple co-founder that took place in 1991. The agency assembled the investigation because Mr. Jobs was being considered for a presidential appointment by George H.W. Bush to the President#39;s Export Council, which advises on international trade. Mr. Jobs was appointed to the position that year.美国联邦调查局(Federal Bureau of Investigation,简称FBI)周四公开了一份针对苹果公司(Apple)这位联合创始人的背景调查报告。调查是在1991年进行的,FBI之所以调查乔布斯,是因为时任总统老布什(George H.W. Bush)可能会提名他进入总统出口委员会(President#39;s Export Council)。这个委员会的职责是为总统提供国际贸易方面的咨询。乔布斯当年获得了这个任命。The Wall Street Journal/FINS.com requested the file through the Freedom of Information Act.《华尔街日报》和FINS.com通过《信息自由法》(Freedom of Information Act)申请获得了这份文件。In the 191-page document, friends and associates describe him as profoundly talented, creative and hardworking. But his many faults are also acknowledged including the fact that he neglected his daughter for the first several years of his life and that his management techniques were considered by many to be abusive.在191页的文件里,乔布斯的朋友和同事说他特别有天赋和创造力、工作努力,但他的很多缺点也是公认的,比如早年间曾忽略了自己的女儿。另外,很多人认为他在管理上态度恶劣。Two individuals, who were acquainted with Mr. Jobs, said he was ;strong willed, stubborn, hardworking and driven, which they believe is why he is so successful.;文件显示,两位与乔布斯认识的人说,他意志坚决、固执、工作努力、有动力,他们认为这些是他如此成功的原因所在。Another source said she was reluctant to discuss Mr. Jobs, because she had ;questions concerning his ethics and morality.; The woman, who said that she and Jobs had ;experimented; with drugs together in the past, also described him as ;shallow and callous.; His success as head of Apple, she said, had given him an ;enormous amount of power; and ;caused him to distort the truth at times to get his way.; Despite this, she recommended him for the government position.另一个消息源说,她不愿意谈论乔布斯,因为她对乔布斯的道德人品存在怀疑。这位女子说她以前曾跟乔布斯一起;体验;毒品,还说乔布斯浅薄无情。她说,乔布斯担任苹果负责人取得的成功给了他很大的权力,导致他有时扭曲事实为所欲为。虽然如此,她还是推荐乔布斯进入出口委员会。A Palo Alto, Calif.-based man who identifies himself as a former ;good friend; of Mr. Jobs said that while he was ;basically an honest and trustworthy person, he is a very complex individual and his moral character is suspect.; Mr. Jobs ;alienated a large number of people at Apple, as a result of his ambition.;加州帕洛阿尔托一位自称是乔布斯昔日好友的男子说,乔布斯基本上是一个诚实可信的人,但他个性复杂,品性有问题。他说,乔布斯因为他的野心,疏远了苹果公司中的很多人。The file also reveals that Jobs received top secret security clearance from the Department of Defense for work he was doing in connection with Pixar. The clearance was effective between November 1988 and July 1990. It#39;s unclear why Jobs was given the clearance.文件还显示,乔布斯因为与动画制作公司皮克斯(Pxiar)相关的工作,从国防部得到了查询绝密内容的许可。这一许可的有效期是1988年11月到1990年7月。不清楚乔布斯为什么得到了这一许可。The question of whether Mr. Jobs, who had admitted to drug use in his youth, still used drugs while at Apple comes up frequently in the file. It appears nearly everyone interviewed believed he no longer used drugs.乔布斯曾经承认年轻时使用过毒品。文件中反复提及了乔布斯任职苹果期间是否仍使用毒品的问题。从文件中看,几乎所有受访者似乎都认为他没有再使用毒品。An interview subject from International Business Machines said that he never ;witnessed any illegal drug usage or alcohol abuse by the appointee; and said Mr. Jobs ;seemingly lives within his financial means and he never witnessed any examples of an extravagant lifestyle having been practiced by Jobs.一位来自国际商业机器公司(International Business Machines,简称:IBM)的受访者说,他从未看到乔布斯有过任何非法使用毒品或酗酒行为。这位受访者还说,乔布斯的生活似乎从未超出财力所限,他也从未见到乔布斯挥霍无度的情形。An unnamed female source said Mr. Jobs ;drank only a little wine and did not use any kind of illegal drugs.; However, ;in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Mr. Jobs may have experimented with illegal drugs, having come from that generation,; the report says.一位未具名女性消息源说,乔布斯只喝一点红酒,不使用任何非法毒品。但调查报告说,上世纪60年代末和70年代初,乔布斯可能体验过非法毒品,毕竟他是那一代人。Other aspects of the Steve Jobs narrative are referenced in the file, including his pilgrimage to India and his resulting interest in Eastern religion. One person whose name is redacted says that Mr. Jobs ;had undergone a change in philosophy by participating in eastern and/or Indian mysticism and religion. This change apparently influenced the Appointee#39;s personal life for the better.;文件还提到了乔布斯的其他方面一些事情,比如去印度朝圣并因此对东方宗教产生兴趣。一位名字被涂掉的人士说,乔布斯通过参加东方和/或印度秘教、宗教,在人生哲学上出现了变化,这种变化可能给他的个人生活带来了有利影响。The person suggests that Mr. Jobs#39;apathy toward money and material possessions were manifest in the early 1990s when the investigation was conducted. Mr. Jobs lived a ;spartanlike and at times even monastic existence,; the person told investigators.这位人士提到,乔布斯对金钱和物质财富不感兴趣的性格在90年代早期(也就是调查进行的时候)就已经很明显。这位人士对调查人员说,乔布斯生活非常简单,有时候甚至就像一个清修者。 /201202/171510Marriage between races and ethnic groups has reached an all-time high in the ed States as public acceptance has grown, according to a Pew Research Center study on Thursday.据周四皮尤调查中心发布的研究结果,随着跨种族和跨民族婚姻逐渐被公众所接受,跨种族及跨民族婚姻数量在美国达到了历史最高峰。Couples of different race or ethnicity made up a record 8.4 percent of all married couples in 2010, up from 3.2 percent in 1980, the study showed.研究显示,2010年不同种族或民族结合的夫妇在所有新人中占了8.4%,打破了历史记录,而在1980年这一比例为3.2%。About 15 percent of all new US marriages in 2010 were between spouses of a different race or ethnicity, more than twice the share in 1980, the report said.研究报告指出,2010年在美国结婚的所有新人中,约有15%的新人是来自不同的种族或民族,这一比例是1980年的两倍多。Intermarriage is more common in Western states. About 20 percent of newlyweds there married someone of a different race or ethnicity between 2008 and 2010, compared with 14 percent in the South and 13 percent in the Northeast.异族婚姻在美国西部各州更为普遍。2008年至2010年间在美国西部结婚的新人约有20%是与不同种族或民族的人结合的,而在美国南部这一比例为14%,美国东北部为13%。Forty-three percent of Americans say more people of different races marrying each other benefits society. Just more than a third say a member of their immediate family or a close relative is married to someone of a different race.43%的美国人认为,更多不同种族的人结合对社会有益。稍过三分之一的人称,自己的直系亲属或近亲中有人和不同种族的人结婚。Asian Americans are the most likely to enter mixed-race marriages, at 27.7 percent of newlyweds in 2010. They were trailed by Hispanics at 25.7 percent, blacks at 17.1 percent and whites at 9.4 percent.亚裔美国人最有可能跨种族结合,2010年结婚的亚裔美国人中有27.7%是跨种族结合。紧随其后的是西班牙裔,占了25.7%,黑人这一比例为17.1%,白人为9.4%。Pew based its report on data from the US Census Bureau#39;s American Community Survey for 2008 to 2010 and on telephone polling.皮尤调查中心的这一报告基于美国人口普查局的2008-2010美国社区调查数据,以及电话调查。 /201202/171806

“2011.11.11”巨型光棍节,你是否还孑然一身?恭喜,你已经晋升为“神棍”了!有一种单身叫做宁缺勿滥,有一种单身只为等待某人。你单身的理由是什么?1. Everything in your house is yours.屋子里的东西都是你的。(新婚姻法神马的都是浮云)2. You don't have to hide gifts, receipts, and other purchase records in ridiculous places.礼物、收据以及其他各种消费单再也不用东躲西藏了。3. Valentines day costs less.情人节消费骤减。4. You don't have to worry as much about the "oops, I'm pregnant" factor.你不用再那么担心“天啊,我怀了”的事情。5. You can date more freely. 约会更自由。6. You don't ever have to wonder if you really love the person you live with.你不用再去纠结是否真心爱身边这个人。7. Suddenly, it's okay to look (and flirt).路边MM随意看随意调侃。8. It's easier to focus on your career and your dreams.有更多精力花在你的事业和梦想上。9. No endless nagging.唠叨少了,耳根清净了。10. The only person you have to dress up for is your boss.以后只需要为老板而打扮了。 /201111/160979

6:45 AM: Get Some Early Exercise早上6:45:晨练Morning exercise raises your heart rate and metabolism early to give you physical energy for hours, it also helps burn more calories throughout the day. There are also generally lower pollution levels in the morning.晨练可以提高心率和代谢能力,早上做运动可以带给你几个小时的活力。晨练还可以加速一天的脂肪燃烧。此外,早上空气污染少,适合运动。7:30 AM: Have Breakfast早上7:30:吃早餐Eating breakfast starts your metabolism. Aim to get 25 percent of your total day#39;s calories at breakfast, with other small meals throughout the day. Think breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince, dinner like a pauper - and two dainty snacks - like a princess!吃早餐可以唤起你一天的新陈代谢。你一天的饮食安排应该是少食多餐,早餐最丰盛,它所摄取的热量要达到一天摄取的总热量的四分之一。记住这句谚语,早餐吃得像国王,午餐吃得像王子,晚餐吃得像乞丐,你还可以多加两餐小零嘴,吃的时候就像公主那样吧!9:00 AM: Skip the Morning Latte早上9:00:放下那杯拿铁Forgo the large, full-fat latte in favor of a small, skim latte, or better still, try tea. This will save a lot of calories. It will also help keep sugar cravings in check, and blood sugar levels on an even keel.放下那杯高脂的大杯拿铁吧,换成纤体瘦身的拿铁,最好是换成茶。这样的热量摄取就会少很多,对糖分的渴望也能得到控制,血糖水平也能保持在正常状态。11:00 AM: Ditch the Juice早上11:00:吃水果 别喝果汁Have an apple instead of a glass of apple juice which has the calories of almost three apples. Studies also show that regular fruit juice intake may increase diabetes risk by 50% due to massive sugar hits. Also, the fiber - which is what helps you fill up faster - is left out of the juice. By making this one swap you#39;ll save calories every day.这段时间,可以吃一个苹果来代替喝一杯苹果汁,要知道一杯果汁的热量相当于三个苹果的总热量!有研究表明,长期食用果汁的人由于摄入了大量的糖分,其患糖尿病的风险要高出50%。同时,苹果中含有的纤维在榨成果汁后也都流失了。正是这些纤维有助于增加人的饱腹感。所以,每咬一口苹果,你就等于咬掉了一点热量。1:00 PM: Love Your Lunch下午1:00:爱上吃午餐Don#39;t eat at your desk. Get outside, go for a walk and be conscious when you do eat of what#39;s going into your mouth. If you want to cut carbs, have a stir-fry with extra sprouts and vegies, but ask for fewer noodles.别在办公桌前用餐。到户外去走走,对每一口吃进嘴里的食物都留个心眼。如果你不想吃碳水化合物,可以多吃点炒蔬菜,但记住,少要点面条。3:00 PM: Avoid the Afternoon Sugar Slump下午3:00:下午别喝含糖饮料Drink water and avoid soft drinks. A Harvard study of 6000 people found that drinking just one soft drink a day (diet or standard) increased the risk of obesity by 31%. And now there#39;s more evidence that diet drinks are as bad as normal ones.喝水,别喝软饮料。哈佛大学对6000人进行的一项研究发现,一天喝一杯软饮料的人(无论是含糖的还是不含糖的),患肥胖症的风险要高出31%。而且,有更多的研究表明,无糖饮料和含糖饮料一样,对身体都没好处。4:00 PM: Breathe Easier下午4:00:轻松地呼吸一下For those who are asthmatic or easily exhausted - working out between 4pm and 5pm may be best. One study of 4800 people by the American College of Chest Physicians found that lung function peaks (at about 20% higher) during this period, with midday exercise returning the lowest lung function.对于那些气喘吁吁和容易疲劳的人,在下午四五点钟的时候,做几次轻松的呼吸是最好不过的了。美国胸科医师学会对4800人进行的一项研究表明,肺功能在这段时间内达到顶峰(比平常高出20%),而在中午的时候运动,肺功能则处在最低水平。7:00 PM: Enjoy a Drink晚上7:00:小酌一杯There have been countless studies trumpeting the health benefits of moderate daily alcohol intake (emphasis on ;moderate;), with wines linked to reductions in arterial and cardiovascular diseases. So go ahead, we#39;re not saints or robots.无数的研究实每天适量饮酒对身体有益(注意是适量饮酒)。每天小酌一杯红酒,可以减少动脉和心血管疾病。所以,喝吧,我们又不是圣人,也不是机器人。8:30 PM: Stop Eating晚上8:00:停止进食It#39;s better not to eat two to three hours before bed. If you are tempted, give your body an #39;automatic#39; brain signal that eating is over for the night. This might include washing the dishes, putting away all the leftovers and flossing and cleaning your teeth thoroughly. If you#39;ve done this, you#39;re less likely to be tempted to put anything but herbal tea past your lips late at night.临睡前两到三小时,最好停止进食。如果你忍不住诱惑,那就给你的身体发出一个“自动”信号,告诉自己晚上的进食已经结束了。你可以把碗碟洗干净了,把残羹剩菜收起来,彻底清洁牙齿,如果你做了以上这些事的话,那除了喝几口草本茶之外,你就不太会想再吃其他东西了。 /201207/192741

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