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淄博临淄区泌尿科咨询飞度永州新闻中国人民解放军第一四八医院割包皮多少钱

2017年12月16日 07:43:59
来源:四川新闻网
飞度咨询好专家

WHEN our family moved from the West Village to the Upper East Side in 2004, seeking proximity to Central Park, my in-laws and a good public school, I thought it unlikely that the neighborhood would hold any big surprises. For many years I had immersed myself — through interviews, reviews of the anthropological literature and participant-observation — in the lives of women from the Amazon basin to sororities at a Big Ten school. I thought I knew from foreign.2004年,为了离中央公园、亲戚和一所出色的公立学校近一些,我们全家从西村搬到上东区。当时,我以为这个社区不太可能有让人大吃一惊的地方。在那之前的很多年里,通过采访、梳理人类学著作和参与观察的方式,我一直沉浸在对从亚马孙流域到顶级名校女生联谊会的女性生活的研究之中。我以为自己虽置身其外却知之甚多。Then I met the women I came to call the Glam SAHMs, for glamorous stay-at-home-moms, of my new habitat. My culture shock was immediate and comprehensive. In a country where women now outpace men in college completion, continue to increase their participation in the labor force and make gains toward equal pay, it was a shock to discover that the most elite stratum of all is a glittering, moneyed backwater.然后,我就在新搬去的地方遇到了光鲜的居家妈妈们。我后来简称她们为Glam SAHM。我遭遇的文化冲击十分直接,并且是全方位的。在一个女性的高校毕业人数超过了男性、在劳动力市场中的参与度持续提高、在同工同酬方面也在取得进步的国家里,发现最精英的阶层是一潭闪闪发光的富贵死水,实在是令人震惊。A social researcher works where she lands and resists the notion that any group is inherently more or less worthy of study than another. I stuck to the facts. The women I met, mainly at playgrounds, play groups and the nursery schools where I took my sons, were mostly 30-somethings with advanced degrees from prestigious universities and business schools. They were married to rich, powerful men, many of whom ran hedge or private equity funds; they often had three or four children under the age of 10; they lived west of Lexington Avenue, north of 63rd Street and south of 94th Street; and they did not work outside the home.社会科学领域的研究人员到哪里都可以做研究,不应抱有某个群体天生就更值得研究,或更不值得研究的观念。我坚持从事实出发。那些女性主要是我在带儿子去游乐场、孩童活动小组和幼儿园时遇到的。她们大都30多岁,有名牌大学和商学院的高等学位。她们的丈夫有钱有势,很多是做对冲或私募基金的。她们往往有三四个不到10岁的孩子,住在列克星敦大道以西、63街以北和94街以南,并且不外出工作。Instead they toiled in what the sociologist Sharon Hays calls “intensive mothering,” exhaustively enriching their children’s lives by virtually every measure, then advocating for them anxiously and sometimes ruthlessly in the linked high-stakes games of social jockeying and school admissions.她们辛辛苦苦从事的,是社会学家莎伦·海斯(Sharon Hays)所说的“高强度地养育孩子”。她们用尽一切办法来丰富孩子的生活,再焦虑地,有时甚至是不择手段地在社交竞争和学校录取这些相互联系的高赌注游戏中为他们呐喊助威。Their self-care was no less zealous or competitive. No ponytails or mom jeans here: they exercised themselves to a razor’s edge, wore expensive and exquisite outfits to school drop-off and looked a decade younger than they were. Many ran their homes (plural) like C.E.O.s.她们关注自身形象的热情丝毫不逊于此,彼此之间在这方面的竞争也绝不含糊。这里不会出现马尾辫或妈妈裤:她们会锻炼出一副刀锋般的身姿,穿着价格不菲的精美套装送孩子去学校,看上去比实际年龄年轻十岁。其中很多人都像首席执行官那样打理自家的多处房产。It didn’t take long for me to realize that my background in anthropology might help me figure it all out, and that this elite tribe and its practices made for a fascinating story.没用多久,我就意识到,自己的人类学背景可能有助于弄清楚这一切。这个精英群体和其中的行为可以成就一个令人着迷的故事。I was never undercover; I told the women I spent time with that I was writing a book about being a mother on the Upper East Side, and many of them were eager to share their perspectives on what one described as “our in many ways very weird world.”我从不偷偷摸摸的,会在见面时对她们说,自己正在写一本书,关于在上东区为人母的故事。她们中的很多人迫切地想和我分享自身对“我们这个从很多方面来看非常奇怪的世界”的观点。这是其中一个人的原话。It was easy for me to fall into the belief, as I lived and lunched and mothered with more than 100 of them for the better part of six years, that all these wealthy, competent and beautiful women, many with irony, intelligence and a sense of humor about their tribalism (“We are freaks for Flywheel,” one told me, referring to the indoor cycling gym), were powerful as well. But as my inner anthropologist quickly realized, there was the undeniable fact of their cloistering from men. There were alcohol-fueled girls’ nights out, and women-only luncheons and trunk shows and “shopping for a cause” events. There were mommy coffees, and women-only dinners in lavish homes. There were even some girlfriend-only flyaway parties on private planes, where everyone packed and wore outfits the same color.在六年的大部分时间里,我和她们中的逾百人生活在同一片地方,一起吃午饭,一起养育孩子。她们富有、能干、美丽,其中的很多人善于讽刺、充满睿智,对这个群体的生活方式抱有一种幽默感(“我们是飞轮[Flywheel]的一群怪物,”其中一人对我说。她指的是一家室内骑车健身馆)。这让我很容易以为,她们同样也是强大的。然而,我内心深处的那个人类学研究者很快意识到一个无可争辩的事实,那就是她们与男性隔绝。她们会组织出去喝一杯的女孩之夜活动、仅限女性参与的午宴、内部装秀和“你买我捐”活动。还有妈咪咖啡聚会和豪宅里仅限女性出席的晚宴。甚至还有在私人飞机上举行的仅面向女性友人的空中聚会,每个人带的和身上穿的衣要是同一种颜色。“It’s easier and more fun,” the women insisted when I asked about the sex segregation that defined their lives.“这样更简单,更好玩,”当我问到界定她们生活的性别隔离时,那些女性坚持这么说。“We prefer it,” the men told me at a dinner party where husbands and wives sat at entirely different tables in entirely different rooms.“我们更喜欢这样,”那些男性在一次晚宴上告诉我。当时,他们和妻子分别坐在不同房间的不同桌。Sex segregation, I was told, was a “choice.” But like “choosing” not to work, or a Dogon woman in Mali’s “choosing” to go into a menstrual hut, it struck me as a state of affairs possibly giving clue to some deeper, meaningful reality while masquerading, like a reveler at the Save Venice ball the women attended every spring, as a simple preference.有人告诉我,性别隔离是一种“选择”。但是,与“选择”不工作,或者马里的多贡女性“选择”月经期间关在小屋里一样,在我看来,这是一种状态,可能会在简单偏好的伪装之下,揭露某种更深层的、意味深长的现实。这样的伪装,就好比是这些女性每年春天都会参加的“拯救”舞会上的狂欢者戴的面具。And then there were the wife bonuses.然后,还有贤妻奖金的事情。I was thunderstruck when I heard mention of a “bonus” over coffee. Later I overheard someone who didn’t work say she would buy a table at an event once her bonus was set. A woman with a business degree but no job mentioned waiting for her “year-end” to shop for clothing. Further probing revealed that the annual wife bonus was not an uncommon practice in this tribe.在和她们喝咖啡时,我听人提到“奖金”二字,吓了一跳。后来,我又在无意间听到有名不工作的女士说,一旦奖金到位,她就要包下某次活动的一张桌子。另一名拥有商务学位但没有工作的女性提到,她在等待拿自己的“年终奖”去买衣。进一步的探索揭示出,在这个群体中,年度贤妻奖金并不是一种罕见的做法。A wife bonus, I was told, might be hammered out in a pre-nup or post-nup, and distributed on the basis of not only how well her husband’s fund had done but her own performance — how well she managed the home budget, whether the kids got into a “good” school — the same way their husbands were rewarded at investment banks. In turn these bonuses were a ticket to a modicum of financial independence and participation in a social sphere where you don’t just go to lunch, you buy a ,000 table at the benefit luncheon a friend is hosting.有人告诉我,人们可能会在婚前或婚后协议中拟定贤妻奖金的条款,而分发的依据不仅是丈夫打理基金的状况,还有妻子自己的表现,比如她对家庭预算管理得如何,孩子们是否上了“好”学校。这种方式,与丈夫在投行获取奖励的方式如出一辙。然后,凭借这些奖金,妻子能享受到有限的财务独立,跻身一个社交圈——在这个圈子里,你不仅仅是去吃午餐,而是要在朋友举办的慈善午宴上花1万美元(约合6.2万元人民币)包下一张桌子。Women who didn’t get them joked about possible sexual performance metrics. Women who received them usually retreated, demurring when pressed to discuss it further, proof to an anthropologist that a topic is taboo, culturally loaded and dense with meaning.那些没拿到奖金的女性,会用可能存在性表现指标开玩笑。拿到奖金的女性则往往会回避,如果听到了进一步谈论此事的要求,她们就会抗议。在一名人类学研究者看来,这明某个话题属于禁忌,充满文化内涵且含义丰富。But what exactly did the wife bonus mean? It made sense only in the context of the rigidly gendered social lives of the women I studied. The worldwide ethnographic data is clear: The more stratified and hierarchical the society, and the more sex segregated, the lower the status of women.不过,贤妻奖金究竟意味着什么?只有从我研究过的那些女性严格按照性别划分的社交活动来看,它才说得通。世界范围内的人种学数据很明确:社会层级和等级越明显,性别隔离越严格,女性的地位就越低。Financially successful men in Manhattan sit on major boards — of hospitals, universities and high-profile diseases, boards whose members must raise or give 0,000 and more. The wives I observed are usually on lesser boards, women’s committees and museums in the outer boroughs with annual expectations of ,000 or ,000. Husbands are trustees of prestigious private schools, where they accrue the cultural capital that comes with being able to vouch for others in the admissions game; their wives are “class moms,” the unremunerated social and communications hub for all the other mothers.在曼哈顿,经济富裕的男性是一些大型董事会的成员——其中包括医院、大学和备受关注的疾病。这些董事都必须筹集或捐出至少15万美元的资金。据我观察,他们的妻子通常会在的次要董事会、女性委员会和物馆任职,每年的预期金额为5000或1万美元。丈夫是著名私立学校的校董,并在那里积累文化资本,从而能够在招生游戏中为其他人作担保;他们的妻子则是“超级妈妈”,是其他所有母亲社交和交流活动的不计回报的核心。WHILE their husbands make millions, the privileged women with kids who I met tend to give away the skills they honed in graduate school and their professions — organizing galas, editing newsletters, running the library and bake sales — free of charge. A woman’s participation in Mommynomics is a way to be helpful, even indispensable. It is also an act of extravagance, a brag: “I used to work, I can, but I don’t need to.”尽管丈夫挣的钱数成百上千万,但我遇到的这些带小孩的上层女性,倾向于免费提供她们在研究生院和工作中磨练的技能——组织大型集会、编辑通讯稿件、管理图书馆和举办糕饼义卖活动。女性对“妈妈经济学”的参与是一种让自己有用乃至必不可少的方式。这也是一项奢侈之举,一种吹嘘炫耀:“我工作过,我有能力工作,但我不必工作。”Anthropology teaches us to take the long and comparative view of situations that may seem obvious. Among primates, Homo sapiens practice the most intensive food and resource sharing, and females may depend entirely on males for shelter and sustenance. Female birds and chimps never stop searching out food to provide for themselves and their young. Whether they are Hadza women who spend almost as much time as men foraging for food, Agta women of the Philippines participating in the hunt or !Kung women of southern Africa foraging for the tubers and roots that can tide a band over when there is no meat from a hunt, women who contribute to the group or family’s well-being are empowered relative to those in societies where women do not. As in the Kalahari Desert and rain forest, resources are the bottom line on the Upper East Side. If you don’t bring home tubers and roots, your power is diminished in your marriage. And in the world.人类学教育我们,要以一种长期的、带有比较性的视角来看待那些看似显而易见的情形。在灵长目动物中,智人会进行程度最大的粮食和资源分享,而在住所和食物方面,雌性智人或许会完全依赖雄性。为了养活自己和孩子,雌鸟和母黑猩猩从不会停止对食物的搜寻。不论是几乎与男性花同样多的时间来搜寻食物的哈扎部落女性,或是参与狩猎的菲律宾阿埃塔女性,还是当狩猎无果时,通过寻找块茎和根茎来帮家人渡过难关的非洲南部的昆族女性,与那些不为群体或家庭的福祉做贡献的那些族群的女性相比,她们享有更大的权力。正如在卡拉哈里沙漠和雨林中那样,资源是上东区的关键。如果你不带块茎和根茎回家,那么在婚姻中,你的权力就会被削弱。在外面的世界里也是如此。Rich, powerful men may speak the language of partnership in the absence of true economic parity in a marriage, and act like true partners, and many do. But under this arrangement women are still dependent on their men — a husband may simply ignore his commitment to an abstract idea at any time. He may give you a bonus, or not. Access to your husband’s money might feel good. But it can’t buy you the power you get by being the one who earns, hunts or gathers it.有钱有势的男人,在婚姻缺乏真正的经济平等时,或许仍能以伙伴的姿态说话,而且行动上也像真正的伴侣。的确有不少人是这样的。然而,在这种安排之下,女性仍然依附于她们的男人——丈夫可以随时将他的承诺化为一个抽象的概念。他可以为你提供奖金,也可以不给。能用丈夫的钱,感觉或许不错。但是,它无法给你带来通过成为那个挣钱、打猎或采集的人而能获得的权力。The wives of the masters of the universe, I learned, are a lot like mistresses — dependent and comparatively disempowered. Just sensing the disequilibrium, the abyss that separates her version of power from her man’s, might keep a thinking woman up at night.我了解到,那些大权在握者的妻子,与情妇非常相似——她们依赖别人,相对而言,也没有什么权力。单是感受这种不平衡,那道把妻子手中的权力与丈夫掌握的权力分隔开来的鸿沟,或许就会让一名有思想的女性彻夜不眠。 /201505/377132淄博友谊泌尿专科治疗龟头炎多少钱MOSCOW — The Georgian capital, Tbilisi, became the city where the wild things are on Saturday night, with lions, tigers, bears and other carnivorous animals roaming the streets after catastrophic flooding destroyed the enclosures of the main zoo.莫斯科——格鲁吉亚首都第比利斯在周六夜间成了野生动物横行的地方,在一场特大洪水摧毁了动物园的围墙之后,狮子,老虎,熊和其他肉食动物开始在街头游荡。Residents were warned to stay indoors after heavy rains and roiling waters inundated the center of the city. At least three zoo workers were dead, according to local press reports, which ed the mayor, Davit Narmania, as saying that at least eight people had been killed and that search and rescue operations were continuing for about 10 more missing.在暴雨后,洪水淹没了市中心,居民被告诫不要出门。据当地的新闻报道透露,至少有三名动物园的工作人员死亡。该报道援引第比利斯市长达维特·纳玛尼亚(Davit Narmania)报道称,至少有八人死亡,10多人失踪,而搜救工作还在继续进行中。It was not immediately clear how many animals were on the loose and how many had been killed in the floods.目前无法迅速得知有多少动物在外游荡,又有多少动物在洪水中丧命。Images from the city underscored the animal anarchy — one showed a group of people herding a hippopotamus along a street choked with mud, after it had been hit by a tranquilizer dart. Others showed the corpses of animals amid the debris of wrecked cars and buildings.从一些城市的画面中就可以看出动物带来的混乱景象。其中的一个画面显示了一群人站在满是泥泞的街边,围着一头被麻醉飞镖击中后的河马。从其他画面可以看到,汽车和建筑物的残骸中出现了多具动物尸体。A special police unit was dispatched to the neighborhoods around the zoo to hunt for the roaming animals, according to Rustavi 2 television.据鲁斯塔维电视2台(Rustavi 2 Television)报道,一只特警部队被派往动物园附近的地区,搜捕四处游荡的动物。Some of the animals were killed when they could not be captured, the report said, including six wolves found on the grounds of a children’s hospital as well as a bear and a hyena. Some residents expressed indignation at those killings, but officials said various animals were too aggressive to be captured.据报道,一些动物因无法被捕获而遭到射杀,其中包括在一家儿童医院发现的六匹狼,一只熊和一条鬣。一些居民对射杀动物的行径表示愤怒,不过官员表示很多动物攻击性太强,难以捕获。Helicopters were swooping low over the city to try to spot the animals. Those missing after the flood included 20 wolves, eight lions, and several tigers and jaguars, Interfax reported. Only three of 17 penguins survived, the Russian news agency said.直升飞机在城市上空低空盘旋,试图找出动物。据国际文传电讯社(Interefax News Agency)报道,洪水发生后,大批动物失踪,其中包括20匹狼,八头狮子,数头老虎和美洲豹。据该俄罗斯新闻通讯社透露,17只企鹅中,只有三只幸存。One zoo worker who died while trying to save the animals, Guliko Chitadze, a 25-year veteran of the Tbilisi Zoo, had her arm amputated in late May after she was attacked by a tiger, Interfax said.一名动物园工作人员在试图解救动物时丧命。古莉科· 赤塔泽(Guliko Chitadze)是第比利斯动物园的资深工作人员,已在那里工作了25年。据国际文传电讯社透露,她在5月末因为被一只老虎袭击而截去了一只手臂。 /201506/380852淄博男性包皮龟头炎Cuba is using the internet to experiment with toning down its political censorship in a sign that a glimmer of glasnost has arrived on the Communist-run Caribbean island.古巴正在利用互联网进行放宽政治审查的试验。这一迹象表明,一丝“公开化”(glasnost)的曙光已照到这个共产党执政的加勒比岛国上。Havana’s decision to open up on the once-taboo subjects of the electoral system and civil society — by allowing Cubans to question policy in two online forums — is reminiscent of the early days of free speech in what was the Soviet Union in the 1980s.古巴通过允许本国民众在两个在线论坛上质询政策、放开昔日禁忌话题——选举制度和公民社会——的决定,让人联想起苏联上世纪80年代开放言论自由的早期。For a number of years there has been public discussion over the pros and cons of market-oriented reforms in Cuba, and ample criticism of the bureaucracy. But public criticism has stopped short of questioning the political status quo, aside from a fledgling dissident press, such as the online newspaper 14ymedio.com, run by writer Yoani Sánchez.多年来,古巴国内一直有关于市场化改革利弊的公开讨论,以及大量对官僚主义的批评。但公开批评没有触及对政治现状的质疑,除了羽翼未丰的异见媒体以外,比如作家尤阿尼#8226;桑切斯(Yoani Sanchez)开办的在线报纸14ymedio.com。The new forums, run on state-media websites, brought together officials and academics to interact online for a few hours with an audience encouraged to send in questions and views.这两个国家媒体网站上的新论坛,让官员和学者一起与网民进行几个小时的在线互动,并鼓励网民发布问题和观点。The opening has some similarities to glasnost, when Soviet authorities relaxed limits on the discussion of political and social issues and allowed the freer dissemination of news. The difference is that Cuba’s move comes in the age of the internet.这些开放性举措与前苏联的“公开化”政策有些相似,当时苏联当局放松了对讨论政治和社会问题的限制,并提高了新闻传播的自由度。不同的是,古巴此举发生在互联网时代。The forums follow an announcement this month that the country is preparing a new electoral law, due to come into force before the next general election in 2018 when President Raúl Castro will step down, in effect ending the Castro era in Cuba that began with his brother Fidel in 1959.这两个论坛出现之前,古巴于本月宣布正在制定新选举法,该法将在2018年下届大选举行之前生效。届时,劳尔#8226;卡斯特罗(Raúl Castro)将卸任总统,在事实上终结其兄菲德尔#8226;卡斯特罗(Fidel Castro)1959年开创的卡斯特罗时代。“These openings may be small and experimental, but they signal something important: criticism becomes legitimate discourse,” Bert Hoffmann, a Cuba expert at the German Institute of Global and Area Studies in Hamburg, said.位于汉堡的德国全球和区域研究所(German Institute of Global and Area Studies)古巴问题专家伯特#8226;霍夫曼(Bert Hoffmann)说:“这些开放也许力度很小,而且是试验性的,但它们发出了一些重要信号:批评变成了合法言论。”In a remarkably transparent forum on Cuba’s electoral system, sponsored by the Union of Young Communists’ daily, a participant called GCR said: “I would like to know if direct elections for the principal leadership positions of the country are under consideration#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.#8201;as the current system is [in my view] highly unpopular.”在由古巴共产主义青年联盟(Union of Young Communists)的日报发起的一个讨论选举制度的非常透明的论坛上,一位名为GCR的参与者说:“我想知道,对国家最重要的领导职位采取直选的可能性是否正在讨论之中……因为现行制度(在我看来)非常不得人心。”During a forum on civil society, published online this month by the Cuban Workers Federation’s weekly Trabajadores, Joan asked: “How can the Cuban Workers Federation be a non-governmental organisation when its secretary-general is a member of the Council of State?”在一个由古巴工人联合会(Cuban Workers Federation)的周报Trabajadores本月发布上线的讨论公民社会的论坛中,Joan问道:“既然古巴工人联合会的秘书长是国务院成员,它怎么能是一个非政府组织?”Another participant, going by the name Tumblr, charged: “The federation is an appendage of the state it represents#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.#8201;carrying out the policies of the Communist party.”另一位网名为Tumblr的参与者指责说:“该联合会是其代表的政权的附属品……执行共产党的各项政策。”Most of those taking part in both forums defended Cuba’s political system, but what was unique was the expression of differing political opinions.这两个论坛的大多数参与者都为古巴的政治制度进行了辩护,特别的地方在于,不同的政治观点得到了表达。“The debate in these forums signals a willingness on the part of authorities to allow a range of expression and acknowledge a range of opinions that were heretofore not recognised as legitimate,” William LeoGrande, a Cuba analyst at American University in Washington and co-author of Back Channels to Cuba, said.华盛顿美国大学(American University)古巴问题分析师、《Back Channels to Cuba》作者之一威廉#8226;李欧格兰(William LeoGrande)说:“这些论坛中的辩论表明,当局有意愿允许各种意见的表达,并认可一些迄今仍不被承认是合法的观点。”“However, it would be very premature to say it portends any significant change in the political system.”“但是,要说这预示着古巴政治制度将出现重大变化,那还为时尚早。”The small crack in the dam on political discussion comes as the EU’s foreign affairs chief visits Cuba and as Washington and Havana work to normalise diplomatic relations and begin to discuss a range of issues, including human rights and expanded travel and telecoms, such as direct phone calls.随着欧盟外交事务负责人访问古巴,华盛顿和哈瓦那共同推进美巴外交关系正常化,并开始讨论包括人权、扩大旅行和电信(如直接通电话)合作等一系列问题,古巴阻碍政治讨论的大坝开始出现了细小的裂缝。However, discussions on opening embassies in Washington and Havana have dragged on for two months, in part because of Cuba’s continued status as a US-designated sponsor of terrorism and its inability to obtain banking services in the US. A clash with Washington over Venezuela, Cuba’s closest ally, which led Raúl Castro to deliver a fulminating tirade on March 17 against new US sanctions placed on several Venezuelan officials, has not helped.然而,关于在华盛顿和哈瓦那互设大使馆的讨论已经拖延了两个月,部分原因是美国仍认定古巴持恐怖主义以及古巴无法在美国获得业务。与华盛顿之间围绕委内瑞拉(古巴最亲密的盟友)问题爆发冲突更加雪上加霜。3月17日,劳尔#8226;卡斯特罗发表了长篇演说,强烈谴责美国对多位委内瑞拉官员实施新制裁。The Obama administration’s hope that the embassies would open before April’s Americas Summit, which both countries’ presidents will attend for the first time in decades, now appears out of reach. Efforts to lift the trade embargo in Congress also face opposition from the Republican leadership.奥巴马政府想要在4月份美洲峰会(Americas Summit)召开前——两国总统将是数十年来首次共同出席该峰会——实现互设大使馆的希望现在看来很渺茫。在国会中寻求解除贸易禁运的努力也面临共和党领导人的反对。Cuba’s new electoral law, the details of which have not been revealed, will be discussed in grassroots meetings along with other measures on the agenda of a Communist party congress set for April 2016, an opportunity to offer a critique the political system.古巴新选举法的细节尚未披露,但将与党代会议程中的其他举措一起在基层会议上得到讨论。古巴共产党定于2016年4月召开党代会,这次大会将为批评政治制度提供一次机会。“We call for the opening of a multi-party system in Cuba: well regulated so that no foreign power or financial company can finance or corrupt electoral campaigns,” the Observatorio Critico de Cuba, a social network of Cuban intellectuals on and off the island, said in a post to the civil society forum.岛内外古巴籍知识分子经常上的社交网络Observatorio Critico de Cuba在一篇发布于公民社会论坛上的帖子中说:“我们呼吁在古巴开放多党体制:实行良好的监督管理,以使外国列强或金融公司无法资助或者腐蚀选举活动。”The policy shift is also taking place as pressure builds on the Cuban government to authorise unlimited internet access. While only 5 per cent of Cubans are estimated to have access to the internet, 30 per cent have access to the government-controlled intranet, with its thousands of local pages and blogs and where the forums are occurring.随着古巴政府面临越来越大的压力,要求其放开互联网接入限制,政策变化也在发生。据估计,仅有5%的古巴人可以接入互联网,而30%的人口可以接入政府控制的内联网,内联网中有成千上万的本地网页和客,也是这些论坛开设的地方。“Raúl Castro’s policies include not only economic reform but also a more tolerant relation between state and society#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.#8201;and digital non-state media have become tolerated to a considerable extent,” Mr Hoffmann said.“劳尔#8226;卡斯特罗的政策不仅包括经济改革,也包括在国家政权与社会之间建立更加相互包容的关系……而且,数字化非国有媒体已经在相当程度上被容忍,”霍夫曼说。 /201503/367274淄博沂源县治疗性功能障碍多少钱

临淄区治疗包皮包茎哪家医院最好淄博治疗淋病好的医院Brown Researchers Believe Gamers Are Able To Learn Visual Tasks Faster Than Non-Gamers游戏玩家的认知能力更强As gaming moves from just a casual pastime to becoming a more significant part of our lives, researchers are getting increasingly curious to find out how it affects learning. A recent study concluded that gamers have better visual skills and other cognitive abilities. Now there is some evidence that gaming not only augments visual skills, but also, helps speed up the learning process.视频游戏正从一项消遣渐渐变成我们生活中重要的一部分,研究者对其是否会影响到我们的认知能力也越来越感兴趣。近期一项实验表明,游戏玩家不仅视觉更敏锐,其他一些认知能力也更强。下面这项实验进一步明了视频游戏不仅增强玩家的视觉能力,还加速了他们的学习能力。The study conducted by Brown University Associate Professor Yuka Sasaki and graduate student Aaron Berard, pitted nine avid gamers against a control group of nine individuals who had rarely if ever, played games. The participants were subjected to two days of visual task learning. Each group was trained in two tasks (in random order). The first was to observe the design of an on-screen texture of horizontal lines and point the area with maximum irregularities as fast as possible. The second task was similar except that the lines were vertical.布朗大学副教授Yuka Sasaki和研究生Aaron Berard共同开展的这项研究,他们挑选了9位游戏玩家与9位很少玩或不玩游戏的人进行对比研究。他们都进行了为期2天的视觉任务培训。受试者按随机顺序进行两项测试,首先是在屏幕上快速(以毫秒为衡量标准)地指出水平线组成的纹理中有何异常之处。第二项测试与前一项相同,只不过换成了垂直纹理。The following day, the study participants were asked to perform the same tasks (again in randomized order) to test if there was any improvement in how quickly they noticed the irregularities. 随后的几天,受试者依然按随机顺序反复做这两项测试,主要是为了检测他们识别无规则纹理的速度是否有所改善。Sure enough, the frequent gamers showed great progress in both tasks - they improved an average of 15% on the second and 11% on the first. The non-gamers did not fare as well. Though they improved by the same amount as the gamers (15%) on the second task, their performance on the first task worsened, declining by 5%!数据显示,游戏玩家组在第一项任务中在速度和准确度方面的表现提高了15%,在第二项任务中提高了11%;非游戏玩家组在第二项任务中也提高了15%,然而在第一项任务中,他们只提高了约5%。Clearly more research needs to be done before firm conclusions can be reached, but the first indications are certainly encouraging. And for those that are still skeptical, a separate study conducted by Oxford University in 2014, concluded that children that play games are happier, more social and less hyperactive than non-gamers! But before you go all out, the study also stipulates that kids should spend no more than 60 minutes a day on this pursuit.为了获得确切的,我们需要进行更多研究,但该实验带给我们的启示还是鼓舞人心的。带着怀疑,2014年牛津大学又单独进行了一项实验,明了玩视频游戏的孩子比不玩的孩子更幸福,更社会化,并且不那么过度活泼!但在你跃跃欲试之前,这项实验也提醒了我们应该控制孩子的游戏时间在60分钟之内,否则过犹不及。译文属原创,仅供学习和交流使用,未经许可,。 /201507/384631淄博人民医院预约电话是多少There are still a lot of ladies out there who believe it is, well, unladylike to ask out a man. Why is this still a thing? We can be strong and career-driven but we still have to wait around and hope a man asks us out in order to go on a date? That#39;s just crazy talk. If you#39;ve ever wanted to ask out a guy, or you ever do in the future, here are six reasons you should go for it。现在还有许多女性坚信,主动约男生是不够淑女的表现。为什么这还算个事儿呢?我们可以坚强,可以发展自己的事业,但我们还必须左顾右盼,指望男生来约我们出去约会?这简直是无稽之谈。如果你曾经想约一个男生,或者你以后可能会这么做,下面就是你应该这样做的6大原因。1. What doesn#39;t kill us makes us stronger。那些没有打败我们的,只会让我们更强大So it#39;s a little scary. So you#39;re afraid of rejection. And yes, getting rejected might make you a little sad. But in the end, getting rejected will just make you realize that it#39;s not a big deal. You lived through it, time to move on and ask out some more guys!这是有点害怕,你害怕被拒绝。是的,被拒绝也许会让你有点难过。但最终这会让你意识到,被拒绝没什么大不了的。你会挺过去,继续生活,再去约更多的男生!2. Because you want to。因为你想约他Unfortunately we can#39;t always get what we want. But you#39;ll never know unless you try. You should always go after the things you want, because they might not realize that you want them。不幸的是我们不能总是得到我们想要的。但如果不试你永远不知道。你应该去追求你想要的,因为他们也许根本不知道你想要约他们出来。3. Because he#39;s been flirting with you and it#39;s driving you crazy。因为他一直在跟你调情,你快要发疯了Girl, listen. If this guy is flirting with you incessantly, he either likes you or he#39;s an asshole. If you ask him out and and he says yes, congratulations. I hope you guys end up being super compatible and have lots of babies together. If you ask him out and he says no, but continues to flirt with you, now you know he#39;s an asshole. You#39;re welcome。听好了女孩。如果这个男生总是跟你调情,他要么喜欢你,要么就是个混蛋。如果你约他出来,而他答应了,那么恭喜你。我喜欢你们最后能和睦相处,生很多孩子。如果你约他出来他却不答应,而且还继续和你调情,那么你现在就知道他是个混蛋了。别谢我。4. He might not even realize。他也许根本没有意识到Much like you are sitting there, have a good time with your friend who you#39;ve been pining after for years (or that guy you met tonight who is just SO cute and funny), over-analyzing everything, thinking if he hasn#39;t made a move by now he can#39;t possibly be interested, I#39;ve got a news flash for you: The guy could be thinking the same exact thing. Crazy, right? But true. So just ask. Or make your move. Because otherwise…像这样,你坐在那儿,和这个你喜欢了几年的朋友(或者是那个你今晚才认识,但是特别可爱有趣的人)度过一段美好的时光,把每件事都过度分析,想着如果他现在还不采取行动,他一定对你没有兴趣。我告诉你一件事吧:这个男生也许和你的想法完全一样。听上去很不可思议,对吗?但这是真的。所以问问他。或者你采取行动,不然的话……5. You#39;ll regret it if you don#39;t。如果你不主动会后悔的If you just keep flirting with him (or worse, just kind of existing near him) hoping he#39;ll ;get the hint; and nothing ever happens, you#39;ll regret it. You#39;ll always wonder. There is no hint quite as strong as, ;Do you wanna go out some time?;如果你只是继续和他调情(或者更糟糕的话,只是出现在他身边),希望他能够“明白你的暗示”,然而却什么都没有发生,你会后悔的。你会一直怀疑自己。没有什么比“你愿意和我一起出来玩吗” 更强烈的暗示了。6. You#39;ll probably never see him again, anyway。你也许再也不会见他了This doesn#39;t apply to every situation, but it does apply to most adult situations. So honestly, what could you possibly have to lose?并不是所有的情况都会如此,但对于大多数成年人的情况来说确实是这样。所以坦白说,你能有什么损失呢? /201503/362203张店钢铁总厂医院看男科怎么样

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